aij = area (m2) of patch ij.
aijs = area (m2) of smallest circumscribing circle around patch ij.
Description CIRCLE equals 1 minus patch area (m2) divided by the area (m2) of the smallest circumscribing circle.
Units None
Range 0 < CIRCLE < 1
CIRCLE approaches 0 for circular patches and approaches 1 for elongated, linear patches one cell wide.
Comments Related circumscribing circle derives from Baker and Cai (1992). Note, this index is not influenced by patch size. In addition, the index never quite equals 0 because the grid data format doesn't allow patches to be perfectly circular and yet the area of the circumscribing circle is computed geometrically based on the patch radius.