aijs = area (m2) of patch ijs within specified neighborhood (m) of patch ij.
hijs = distance (m) between patch ijs and patch ijs, based on patch edge-to-edge distance, computed from cell center to cell center.
Description PROX equals the sum of patch area (m2) divided by the nearest edge-to-edge distance squared (m2) between the patch and the focal patch of all patches of the corresponding patch type whose edges are within a specified distance (m) of the focal patch. Note, when the search buffer extends beyond the landscape boundary, only patches contained within the landscape are considered in the computations. In addition, note that the edge-to-edge distances are from cell center to cell center.
Units None
Range PROX ≥ 0.
PROX = 0 if a patch has no neighbors of the same patch type within the specified search radius. PROX increases as the neighborhood (defined by the specified search radius) is increasingly occupied by patches of the same type and as those patches become closer and more contiguous (or less fragmented) in distribution. The upper limit of PROX is affected by the search radius and the minimum distance between patches.
Comments Proximity index was developed by Gustafson and Parker (1992) and considers the size and proximity of all patches whose edges are within a specified search radius of the focal patch. Note that FRAGSTATS uses the distance between the focal patch and each of the other patches within the search radius, similar to the isolation index of Whitcomb et al. (1981), rather than the nearest-neighbor distance of each patch within the search radius (which could be to a patch other than the focal patch), as in Gustafson and Parker (1992). The index is dimensionless (i.e., has no units) and therefore the absolute value of the index has little interpretive value; instead it is used as a comparative index.